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Archive: January 2016 (X)

  • We recently read this study about racial and ethnic disparities among adults with IDD. This study used data from the 2002-2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and the National Health Interview Survey to look at perceived health, perceived mental health, obesity and diabetes in adults with IDD who lived in community settings. Their analyses were controlled for age, sex, income, urban living status, education and insurance status.

    This study found that “Black and Latino adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities were significantly more likely to be in fair or poor health and mental health than White adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities”

    In addition, they found that “black and Latino adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities were significantly more likely to report fair or poor health and mental health than those without intellectual and developmental disabilities.”

    They also found that Latino adults with IDD were more likely to be obese and have diabetes than Latino adults without IDD.

    The study states that “These findings suggest that Black and Latino adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities have markedly worse health status than both their white counterparts with intellectual and developmental disabilities, and nondisabled adults within their racial and ethnic groups.”

    National Core Indicators did an investigation of differences by race/ethnicity in the use of preventive care of adults with IDD. Here is a link to a blog post on the topic, and here is a link to an article.

    Using 2011-12 NCI data, our research found that, after controlling for demographic and personal characteristics by which individuals differ, the following differences persisted:  

    Has had dentist visit in past year

    • African American, Non-Hispanic respondents are significantly less likely than White, Non-Hispanic respondents to have had a dentist visit in the past year

    Has had eye exam in past year

    • African American, Non-Hispanic respondents are significantly more likely than White, Non-Hispanic respondents to have had an eye exam in the past year

    Has had flu vaccine in past year

    • African American, Non-Hispanic respondents are significantly less likely than White, Non-Hispanic respondents to have had a flu vaccine in the past year

    Both of these studies indicate that more research is needed into the causes and social determinants of health and preventive care use for individuals of different races and ethnicities with IDD.