Transformation to Competitive Employment Act and NCI data on competitive, integrated employment

Apr 23rd, 2019 by Dorothy Hiersteiner | No Comments Yet

The Transformation to Competitive Employment Act (H.R.873/S.260) provides states, service providers, subminimum wage certificate holders and others with the resources they need to facilitate the participation in competitive, integrated employment for those with disabilities. This legislation will strengthen existing disability employment service delivery models being used in states, aid in the creation of new models, and phase out subminimum wages. See fact sheet here

Let’s look at the 2017-18 NCI In-Person Survey of adults receiving at least on service in addition to case management from their state DD agency (N=25,671). What do the data show about employment or day activities of those receiving services? How many respondents might potentially be affected by the Transformation to Competitive Employment Act? (The data shown here are weighted—see the 2017-18 In-Person Survey Report for more information on weighting)

First let’s examine those people already reported to be working in competitive, integrated employment---the goal of the Transformation to Competitive Employment Act. Sixteen percent (16%) of respondents are reported to have competitive, integrated employment, individual and/or group. Individual jobs in the community can be either supported (meaning that the person receives support to work in the job) or un-supported. Group jobs are those in which a group of people work together to complete a job. For example, a group of people might be supported to do yard work.

States range from 5% to 40% of respondents reported to be in competitive, integrated employment. Of those reported to be working in a competitive, integrated employment, 76% are working in paid individual jobs in the community, while 29% are working in paid group jobs in the community. (Individual and group jobs are not mutually exclusive).

Now let’s look at those people who are not in competitive, integrated employment and participate in other activities, such as unpaid community activities, paid facility-based work or unpaid facility-based activities.

Of those respondents without competitive, integrated employment, 1/5 (20%) spent time in an unpaid community activity. Fifteen percent (15%) were in a paid, facility-based job and 43% spent time at an unpaid, facility-based activity.

If the Transformation to Competitive Employment Act is passed and states receive more resources  to increase competitive, integrated employment for people with disabilities, how do you think the resources should it be used?  

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