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  • The Transformation to Competitive Employment Act (H.R.873/S.260) provides states, service providers, subminimum wage certificate holders and others with the resources they need to facilitate the participation in competitive, integrated employment for those with disabilities. This legislation will strengthen existing disability employment service delivery models being used in states, aid in the creation of new models, and phase out subminimum wages. See fact sheet here

    Let’s look at the 2017-18 NCI In-Person Survey of adults receiving at least on service in addition to case management from their state DD agency (N=25,671). What do the data show about employment or day activities of those receiving services? How many respondents might potentially be affected by the Transformation to Competitive Employment Act? (The data shown here are weighted—see the 2017-18 In-Person Survey Report for more information on weighting)

    First let’s examine those people already reported to be working in competitive, integrated employment---the goal of the Transformation to Competitive Employment Act. Sixteen percent (16%) of respondents are reported to have competitive, integrated employment, individual and/or group. Individual jobs in the community can be either supported (meaning that the person receives support to work in the job) or un-supported. Group jobs are those in which a group of people work together to complete a job. For example, a group of people might be supported to do yard work.

    States range from 5% to 40% of respondents reported to be in competitive, integrated employment. Of those reported to be working in a competitive, integrated employment, 76% are working in paid individual jobs in the community, while 29% are working in paid group jobs in the community. (Individual and group jobs are not mutually exclusive).

    Now let’s look at those people who are not in competitive, integrated employment and participate in other activities, such as unpaid community activities, paid facility-based work or unpaid facility-based activities.

    Of those respondents without competitive, integrated employment, 1/5 (20%) spent time in an unpaid community activity. Fifteen percent (15%) were in a paid, facility-based job and 43% spent time at an unpaid, facility-based activity.

    If the Transformation to Competitive Employment Act is passed and states receive more resources  to increase competitive, integrated employment for people with disabilities, how do you think the resources should it be used?  

  • National Core Indicators' latest report on the DSP workforce is now available! DSPs play a crucial role in the system that supports community life for adults with IDD, and NCI’s 2017 Staff Stability Survey Report examines the DSP experience to help states address high turnover and vacancy rates.


  • As the holidays rapidly approach, many people think about spending time with loved ones and sharing the celebration with their communities. For this blog post, we decided to take a look at what NCI data show about community engagement and the community experiences of people receiving supports from their state DD agencies.

    According to 2016-17 Adult Consumer Survey data, 90% of respondents reported having gone shopping at least once in the community in the past month. Three-quarters (77%) reported having gone out at least once for entertainment in the past month and 86% reported having gone out to eat at least once in the past month. Less than half (45%) reported having gone to a religious or spiritual practice in the past month. The percentages of respondents who participated in these activities at least once in the past month differed by state. For example, the percentage of respondents who reported going out for entertainment at least once in the past month ranged from 56% in Maine to 88% in Washington DC.

    About three quarters of respondents (78%) reported that they were able to go out into the community and do things that they like to do as often as they want. However, this percentage also varied by state. A high percentage of 93% of respondents in KY reported being able to go out and do the things they like to do as much as they want, while in AL, 47% reported as such.

    The holidays also bring to mind the opportunity to spend time with friends and family.

    The NCI data demonstrate that 77% of respondents report having friends other than staff or family. 79% of respondents report that they can see friends as often as they want, though states range from 55% in ME to 94% in KY. Slightly above ten percent of respondents (11%) report often feeling lonely.

    As you prepare for the holiday season, we recommend reflecting on what community means to you, and how that experience can be shared with people receiving supports from the state DD agency.

    Happy Holidays!